Names of Hells
At that time Universal Worthy Bodhisattva,
Mahasattva said to Earth Store Bodhisattva, "Humane One, for the
sake of gods and dragons, those in the Fourfold Assembly, and
all other beings of the present and future, please tell us the
names of the hells where beings in the Saha world on the continent
of Jambudvipa must suffer retributions for offenses they commit.
Please also describe what happens during retributions
undergone for evil deeds so that beings in the future Dharma Ending
Age will know what those retributions are."
Earth Store Bodhisattva replied, "Humane One,
based on the awesome spiritual power of the Buddha and relying
on your strength, Great Bodhisattva, I will give a general list
of the names of hells and describe some of what happens during
retributions undergone for offenses and evil deeds.
"Humane One, in Eastern Jambudvipa is mountain
range called Iron Ring. The mountain is pitch black because the
light of sun and moon do not shine on it. A great hell is located
there named Ultimately Relentless. Another hell is called Great
There is also a hell called Four Horns, a
hell called Flying Knives, a hell called Fiery Arrows, a hell
called Squeezing Mountains,
a hell called Piercing Spears, a hell called
a hell called Iron Beds, a hell called Iron Oxen,
a hell called Iron Clothing, a hell called Thousand Blades,
a hell called Iron Asses, a hell called Molten Copper,
a hell called Embracing Pillar, a hell called Flowing Fire,
a hell called Plowing Tongues, a hell called Hacking Heads,
a hell called Burning Feet, a hell called Pecking Eyes,
a hell called Iron Pellets, a hell called Quarreling,
a hell called Iron Ax, and a hell called Massive Hatred."
Earth Store Bodhisattva said, "Humane One,
within the Iron Ring are endless hells like that.
There is also the hell of Crying Out, the
hell of Pulling Tongues,
the hell of Dung and Urine, the hell of Copper Locks,
the hell of Fire Elephants, the hell of Fire Dogs,
the hell of Fire Horses, the hell of Fire Oxen,
the hell of Fire Mountains, the hell of Fire Rocks,
the hell of Fire Beds, the hell of Fire Beams,
the hell of Fire Eagles, the hell of Sawing Teeth,
the hell of Flaying Skin, the hell of Drinking Blood,
the hell of Burning Hands, the hell of Burning Feet,
the hell of Hanging Hooks, the hell of Fire Rooms,
the hell of Iron Cells, and the hell of Fire Wolves.
"Each of those hells contains lesser hells
numbering from one, or two, or three, or four, to hundreds of
thousands. Each of those lesser hells has its own name."
Earth Store Bodhisattva told Universal Worthy
Bodhisattva, "Humane One, such are the karmic responses of beings
in Jambudvipa who commit evil deeds.
The power of karma is extremely great. It
rivals Mount Sumeru in its heights. It surpasses the great oceans
in its depth. It obstructs the path leading to Sagehood. For that
reason, beings should never think that minor bad deeds are unimportant
or assume that they do not count as offenses. After death there
will be retributions to undergo that cover all those details.
Fathers and sons have the closest relationship,
but their roads diverge and each must go his own way. Even if
they met, neither would consent to undergo suffering in the other's
Now, based on the awesome spiritual power
of the Buddha, I will describe some of the retributions for offenses
that take place in the hells. Please, Humane One, listen for a
moment to what I am going to say."
Universal Worthy replied, "I have long known
of the retributions that happen in the Three Evil Paths. My hope
in asking the Humane One to describe them is that when beings
in the future Dharma Ending Age who are doing evil deeds hear
the Humane One's descriptions they will be moved to take refuge
with the Buddha."
Earth Store said, "Humane One, this is what
happens during retributions in the hells. Offenders may go to
a hell in which their tongues are stretched out and plowed through
or to a hell in which their hearts pulled out and eaten by Yakshas;
or to a hell in which their bodies are cooked In cauldrons of
or to a hell in which they are forced to embrace red-hot copper
or to a hell in which they are burned by fire that constantly
or to a hell in which cold and Ice are all-pervasive;
or to a hell in which excrement and urine are endless;
or to a hell in which flying maces are unavoidable;
or to a hell in which fiery spears stab them repeatedly;
or to a hell in which they are constantly beaten on the chests
or to a hell in which their hands and feet are burned;
or to a hell in which they are bound by Iron snakes that coil
or to a hell in which they are pursued by racing Iron dogs;
or to a hell in which their bodies are stretched by Iron mules.
"Humane One, to inflict these retributions
in each hell hundreds of thousands of instruments made of copper,
iron, stone, or fire arise from karmic force. Those four materials
come into being in response to the kinds of karma offenders created.
If I were to explain in detail what happens
during retributions in the hells, then I would need to tell of
the hundreds of thousands of sufferings that must be undergone
in each specific hell. How much more would that be the case for
the sufferings in all the many hells!
Now, having based myself upon the awesome
spiritual power of the Buddha, I have given a general answer to
the Humane One's question, for if I were to speak in detail, it
would take eons."