The Conditions and Comparative Merits and Virtues of Giving
At that time. Earth Store Bodhisattva, Mahasattva,
based on the Buddha's awesome spiritual strength, arose from his
seat, knelt on one knee, placed his palms together and said to
the Buddha, "World Honored One, I have observed beings within
the paths of karma and compared their acts of giving. Some do
a little and some do a lot. Some receive blessings for one life,
some for ten lives, and some receive great blessings and benefits
for hundreds or thousands of lives. Why is that? Please, World
Honored One, explain that for us."
At that time the Buddha told Earth Store Bodhisattva,
"Here in this assembly in the palace of the Trayastrimsha Heaven,
I will now discuss the comparative merit and virtue derived from
acts of giving done by the beings in Jambudvipa. Listen attentively
to what I say."
Earth Store said to the Buddha, "I have wondered
about this matter and will be pleased to listen."
The Buddha told Earth Store Bodhisattva, "In
Jambudvipa, leaders of nations, prime ministers, high officials,
great Elders, great Ksatriyas, great Brahmans, and others may
encounter those who are poor,
hunchbacked, crippled, dumb, mute, deaf, retarded,
blind or handicapped in other ways.
Those leaders and good people may wish to
give to those people and may be able to do so with great compassion,
a humble heart, and a smile. They may arrange to give generously,
either personally with their own hands, or by arranging for others
to do so, using gentle words and sympathetic speech.
The blessings and benefits that such leaders
and good people will accrue will be comparable to the meritorious
virtues derived from giving to as many Buddhas as there are grains
of sand in a hundred Ganges Rivers. Why is that?
Those leaders and good people will receive
such rewards of blessings and benefits for having shown a great
compassionate heart toward the most impoverished and handicapped
Throughout hundreds of thousands of lives
to come they will always have an abundance of the seven gems,
not to mention clothing, food, and the necessities of life.
"Moreover, Earth Store, in the future the
leaders of nations, Brahmans, and others may encounter Buddhist
stupas, monasteries, or images of Buddhas, Bodhisattvas, Sound-hearers,
or Pratyekabuddhas and personally make offerings or give gifts
From doing that, those leaders and good people
will serve as Lord Shakra for a duration of three eons, enjoying
supremely wonderful bliss.
If they are able to transfer the blessings
and benefits of that giving and dedicate it to the Dharma Realm,
then those leaders of nations and good people will reign as great
Brahma Heaven kings for ten eons.
"Moreover, Earth Store, in the future leaders
of nations, Brahmans, and others may, upon encountering ancient
Buddhist stupas and monasteries or sutras and images that are
damaged, decaying, or broken, resolve to restore them.
Those leaders and good people may then do
so themselves or encourage others, as many as hundreds of thousands
of people to help and thereby establish affinities.
Those leaders and good people will become
Wheel-Turning Kings for hundreds of thousands of successive lives
and those who made offerings with them will be leaders of small
nations for as many lives.
If, before the stupas or monasteries, they
resolve to dedicate that merit, then, based on that limitless
and unbounded reward, those leaders, good people, and their helpers
will eventually all complete the path to Buddhahood.
"Moreover, Earth Store, in the future, leaders
of nations, Brahmans, and others may have compassionate thoughts
upon seeing the old, the sick, or women in child birth, and may
provide them with medicinal herbs, food, drink, and bedding so
as to make them peaceful and comfortable.
The blessings and benefits derived from doing
that are quite inconceivable. For one hundred eons they will always
be lords of the Pure Dwelling Heavens, for two hundred eons they
will be lords in the Six Desire Heavens, and they will ultimately
attain Buddhahood. They will never fall into the Evil Paths, and
for hundreds of thousands of lives they will hear no sounds of
"Moreover, Earth Store, if in the future,
leaders of nations, Brahmans, and others can give in that way,
they will receive limitless blessings.
"If they are in addition, able to dedicate
that merit, be it great or small, they will ultimately attain
Buddhahood. How much more easily will they be able to attain the
rewards of becoming Shakra, Brahma, or a Wheel-Turning King.
Therefore, Earth Store, you should urge beings
everywhere to learn to give in those ways.
"Moreover, Earth Store, in the future if good
men or good women only manage to plant a few good roots within
the Buddhadharma, equivalent to no more than a strand of hair,
a grain of sand, or a mote of dust, they will receive incomparable
blessings and benefits.
"Moreover, Earth Store, good men or women
in the future may, upon encountering images of Buddhas, Bodhisattvas,
Pratyekabuddhas, or Wheel-Turning Kings, give gifts or make offerings
Such persons will attain limitless blessings
and will always enjoy supremely wonderful bliss among people and
If they can dedicate that merit to the Dharma
Realm, their blessings and benefits will be beyond compare.
"Moreover, Earth Store, good men or good
women in the future may, upon encountering Great Vehicle sutras
or upon hearing but a single gatha or a sentence, be inspired
to praise, venerate, give gifts, and make offerings to them.
Those people will attain great limitless and
unbounded rewards. If they can dedicate that merit to the Dharma
Realm, their blessings will be beyond compare.
"Moreover, Earth Store, in the future, good
men or good women may, upon encountering new Buddhist stupas,
monasteries, or sutras of the Great Vehicle, give gifts and make
offerings to them, gaze at them in worship, and respectfully make
praises with joined palms.
They may, upon encountering old ones or those
that have been destroyed or damaged, either do the repairing or
rebuilding themselves or encourage others to help them.
Those who help will become leaders of small
nations throughout thirty successive lives. The donors themselves
will always be Wheel-Turning Kings who will use the good Dharma
to teach and transform those leaders of small nations.
"Moreover, Earth Store, in the future, good
men or good women may plant good roots in the Buddhadharma by
giving, making offerings, repairing stupas or monasteries, rebinding
sutras, or doing other good deeds amounting to no more than a
strand of hair, a mote of dust, a grain of sand, or a drop of
water. Merely by transferring the merit from such deeds to the
Dharma Realm, those people's meritorious virtues will enable them
to enjoy superior and wonderful bliss for hundreds of thousands
If they dedicate the merit only to their immediate
or extended families or to their own personal benefit, then the
rewards received will be only three lives of happiness. By giving
up one, a ten-thousandfold reward is obtained.
"So it is. Earth Store. The circumstances
involved in the causes and conditions of giving are like that."